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Literatura Citada.


  • Conell J (1961) The influence of of interspecific competition and other factors on the distribution of the barnacle Chthamalus stellatus. Ecology 42:710-723.

  • Connolly S. R. & J. Roughgarden, 1998. A latitudinal gradient in northeast pacific intertidal community structure: evidence for an oceanographically based synthesis of marine community theory. The American Naturalist, 151(4):311-326.

  • Dayton P. K. 1971. Competition, disturbance, and community organization: the provision and subsequent utilization of space in a rocky intertidal community. Eco. Monogr. 41:351-389.

  • Durán L & Castilla JC (1989) Variation and persistence of the middle rocky intertidal community of central Chile, with and without human harvesting. Mar. Biol. 103:555-562.

  • Farrell, T. M., 1989. Succession in a rocky intertidal community: the importance of disturbance size and position within a disturbed patch. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.,128:57-73.

  • Moreno C. A., G. Asencio, S. Ibáñez. 1993. Patrones de asentamiento de Concholepas concholepas (Brugiere) (Mollusca: Muricidae) en la zona intermareal rocosa de Valdivia, Chile. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 66:93-101.

  • Noda T, Fukushima K, Mori T. (1998) Daily settlement variability of the barnacle Semibalanus criosus: Importance of fisical factors and density-dependent processes. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 169:289-293.

  • Olafsson E. B., C. H. Peterson, W. G. Ambrose Jr. 1994. Does recruitment limitation structure populations and communities of macro-invertebrates in marine soft sediments: the relative significance of pre- and post- settlement processes. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32:65-109.

  • Paine R. T., & S. A. Levin, 1981. Intertidal landscapes: disturbance and the dynamics of pattern. Ecol. Monogr.,51:145-178.

  • Paine R.T., 1966. Food web complexity and species diversity. Am. Nat., 100(910):65-75.

  • Paine RT, Castilla JC, Cancino J. (1985) Perturbation and recovery patterns of starfish-dominated intertidal assemblages in Chile, New Zealand and Washington State. Am. Nat. 125:679-691.

  • Roughgarden J., S. Gaines, Possingham H. 1988. Recruitment dynamics in comlex life cycles. Scince 241:1460:1466.

  • Sousa W. P. 1984. Intertidal mosaics: patch size, propagule availability, and spatialy variable patterns. Ecology, 65(6):1918-1935.

  • Sousa, W. P. 1979, Disturbance in marine boulder fields: the nonequilibruim maintenance of species diversity. Ecology, 60:1225-1239.

  • Walters L. J., M. Guilles, E. Bourget, 1999. Endoscopic observations of invertebrate larval substratum exploration and settlement. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 182:95-108. 

  • Wing S. R., L. W. Botsford, J. L. Largier, L. E. Morgan. 1995. Spatial structure of relaxation events and crab settlement in the northern California upwelling system. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 128:199-211.

  • Wright J & Boxshall A. 1999. The influence of small-scale flow and chemical cues on the settlement of two congeneric barnacle species. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 183:179-187.


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